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5 : Distortion ((INSTALL))

When used right, there's nothing like the roar of an amp getting totally shredded by a distortion pedal, and as a result, it's come to define many genres, from metalcore to Swedish death metal, hard-rock to punk. This hard-clipping effect has captured the hearts of many players, whether that's bedroom warriors dreaming of the sound of a totally dimed Peavey stack or the gigger looking to push their gain tone into the stratosphere.

5 : Distortion

Distortion is a great way to add colour and character to sound. There are many types of distortion ranging from subtle saturation right through to in your face gritty overdrive. I can not think of many mix situations where I don't use some kind distortion to help shape a tone or define an instrument. There are countless applications for distortion in music production with the following distortion plug-ins being used very regularly in my workflows.

The VTM by Slate Digital is a plug-in I like to use on a mix buss as it helps me to combine elements within my mix together in a tasteful way. To my ears the distortion effect is subtle and if I hear it I tend to back the input off slightly. The distortion effect is apparent in the high and low end giving that glue effect I love in VTM. VTM is a great plug-in as it reminds me that distortion works really quite well if used subtly.

The SansAmp PSA-1 is an oldie but still one of my favourite distortion plug-ins as it offers several controls that help me to achieve some pretty outrageous distortion tones. I like to use one of the main Buzz, Punch, Crunch or Drive controls in combination with the Low & High controls. If you learn the sound of each of the controls then this becomes a very quick and intuitive distortion plug-in that will never fail you. This is also a free plug-in bundled with Pro Tools available in AAX native & AAX DSP.

Simplicity is sometimes best and the best one-knob style distortion plug-in is The Saturation Knob By Softube. The Saturation knob can help lift a track forward in a crowded mix when volume, EQ or compression just aren't cutting it. The Saturation Knob is a firm favourite on my drum buss, electric guitar tracks and synths. Softube offer The Saturation knob as a free plug-in.

The Blue Cat Destructor is my latest and greatest distortion plug-in that offers in-depth control that enables me to get some really amazing distortion results. It can generate realistic guitar amp sounds while also being a very cool distortion mix tools for everything else. I used Destructor recently on a very busy mix that had pedal steel, lap steel, dobro, electric guitars, bass and drums. The Destructor helped me stamp each of those instruments with an identity which in turn helped me place each instrument quickly in the mix. Seriously download the demo of The Destructor if you have not done so yet.

Where the Slate VTM is my subtle mix buss tape glue the Kramer Master Tape by Waves is my creative instrument tape distortion. The distortion/saturation effect is much more apparent in this plug-in which is great for crunchy tones on individual tracks. To my ears the effect is too much on a mix buss but helps to add character on piano and other keyboard instruments. The Wow & Flutter effect is also a tad over the top, which is great for viby creative effects.

Distorted Beowulf Combo B - the last attack in this combo ends up with a Straight attack. With extremely proper timing, Vergil's Devil Trigger can trigger distortion two times during this attack. Therefore meaning, that this attack reaches the highest damage done by a single attack in the game.

Distorted Dragon Breaker - this attack is split in two, the first being mildly powerful and the second ending with a high-damaging propelling attack. The distortion can be triggered two times in this attack, making it an extremely powerful attack.

While distortion serves a similar function to overdrive, it is a different beast. Unlike overdrive, distortion creates signal clipping within the effect rather than relying on amp gain. It applies saturation and compression, creating a thicker, driven tone at lower volumes. Distortion is more consistent and less reliant on amplifier pairing to create high-gain tones.

Often on overdrive pedals, the EQ control is a subtle shaping tool. However, some distortion pedals, like the HM-2W, MT-2, MD-2, and ST-2, are designed with comprehensive, dynamic EQ controls. Using these types of pedals, a guitarist can manipulate the EQ controls to create defining tonal changes. This type of power can be beneficial for shaping a distorted tone in a mix with precision, ensuring the correct frequencies get boosted or cut to enhance the music.

Their comprehensive EQ controls and ability to distort any signal running through the pedal make them well-suited for use with other instruments. Bass guitars and synthesizers can also utilize distortion to great effect. Pedals like the HM-2W and MD-2 offer vast amounts of low-end, making great multi-instrument tools for creating sonic mayhem.

and it seems like it is working well for 5 distortion coefficients. However, I would like to try and run it without the tangential distortion and possibly with only 2 radial distortion coefficients. Is that possible?

CV_CALIB_FIX_K1,...,CV_CALIB_FIX_K6 The corresponding radialdistortion coefficient is not changed during the optimization. IfCV_CALIB_USE_INTRINSIC_GUESS is set, the coefficient from the supplieddistCoeffs matrix is used. Otherwise, it is set to 0.

Phase change random access memory (PRAM) is the best one of candidates for next-generation universal memory. Phase change material, known as chalcogenide, is a core material to divide resistances according to phase change by electrical pulse converted into joule heating. Phase change alloys have been intensively investigated for PRAM applications because of their reversible switching between the amorphous and crystalline states, resulting in variable resistance levels1,2,3,4,5. This universal storage could replace existing data storage (non-volatile memory, CD&DVD disk and hard disk), further, develop new fields (storage class memory and neuromorphic system). However, a number of switching operation, repeated by electric pulses, would induce decoding error with gradual change of resistance. The resistance drift within the narrow resistance difference leads to random fluctuations in the programmed levels6,7,8. Among several phase change alloys, In-Sb-Te alloys have been suggested as promising candidates for multi-level PRAM because IST alloys demonstrate a stable multi-phase change mechanism from amorphous to NaCl-type cubic, leading to multiple resistance levels9,10,11. However, the thermal stability of IST may not correspond with the higher switching speed because of the energy required. The role of vacancies for GST alloys has been investigated, verifying that switching occurs between the metastable NaCl state and the amorphous state and those phase transitions can be formed with low activation energies12,13,14,15 at the short timescales due to the vacancies16. The structural features of GST alloys allow local lattice distortions and reduce the activation energy. Similarly, if a certain impurity atom is added into IST, the relationship between the switching speed and lattice distortion can be confirmed. In this work, Bi atoms are selected as the impurity because Bi and Sb are part of the same group in the periodic table. The GST, IST and IST with incorporated Bi atoms (Bi-IST) are investigated to identify the relationships between the atomic lattice structure, energy stability, activation energy and switching speed.

The relationship between the thermal properties and switching speeds of IST and GST indicate that the switching speed of IST is much slower than that of GST, although IST is more thermally stable than GST. Therefore, this work is aimed at exploring how to improve the switching speed of IST and at understanding the relationship between the thermal properties and the switching speed. The HRTEM images suggest that the phase-changing characteristics of IST can be improved by distorting the lattice structure slightly with substitutional Bi atoms, which replace Sb sites. Thus, Bi-IST has a slightly distorted NaCl structure and the distortion angle is well matched with the possible maximum angle obtained with using first-principles calculations. Consequently, as the Bi content is increased, the crystallization and melting temperatures are reduced, resulting in lower activation energy and minimum enthalpy. Moreover, the specific heat of Bi-IST is also smaller than that of IST. These results reveal that, by incorporating Bi atoms, the energy barrier can be reduced for the phase changes from amorphous to crystalline and back because the distorted lattice offers migration sites for the phase transformation. Previous reports indicated that the distorted lattice induces a number of vacancies, causing faster phase transitions and the thermal conductivity is also reduced by scattering and carrying phonons25,26,27. However, the activation energy of Bi-IST is slightly higher than that of GST, which means that Bi-IST has better thermal immunity to resistance drift and more stable operation than GST. The set/reset speeds of the PRAM cell devices fabricated with Bi-IST are obviously improved and in particular, the power consumption is expected to be lower, which is very important for practical PRAM applications.

Ultimately, these nonlinear effects limit component/device performance. Their resultant signals are referred to as distortion products. Engineers must figure out how to effectively measure and mitigate several different categories of distortion products using design or manufacturing techniques. Five of the most common distortion challenges are:

Harmonic-distortion products are generally consistent within a device. Because they are a function of the input signal, careful filtering can often remove the most troublesome harmonic products. Unfortunately, harmonic products may also appear near or within the transmit/receive bands in multi-frequency systems, effectively reducing the dynamic range. 041b061a72

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